Ethical guidelines for IEMS publication

The editor(s) of IEMS believe that there are fundamental principles underlying scholarly or professional publishing. While this may not amount to a formal "code of conduct", these fundamental principles with respect to the authors' paper require that the paper should:

be the authors' own original work, which has not been previously published in other journals,
reflect the authors' own original research and analysis and do so in a truthful and complete manner,
properly credit the meaningful contributions of co-authors and co-researchers, and
not be submitted to more than one journal for consideration
Authors are responsible for verifying that all files have been uploaded correctly.

Plagiarism is the copying of ideas, text, data and other creative work (e.g. tables, figures and graphs) and presenting it as original research without proper citation. Authors must tell editors and reviewers when any portion of a paper is based heavily on previous work, even if this work has been written by one or more of the authors of the paper. The author has the responsibility to cite the previous work and provide an indication of the extent to which a paper depends on this work. Authors should obey the following guidelines when submitting the manuscripts to avoid plagiarism.

i. Plagiarism includes the use of ideas that have been presented in prior work.
ii. Word-for-word copying of the work by others must be clearly identified. Each segment should be put in quotes or indented or italicized.
iii. Authors should always cite related work even if that work is their own.
iv. The first paper in which a creative contribution occurs (text, ideas, analysis) gets the credit for the contribution, even if it has not yet been accepted for publication.
v. The use and reuse of empirical data follows the same principles as other types of research, although some issues are unique to the nature of data as opposed to ideas expressed in text and mathematics.
vi. While plagiarism of mathematical ideas is not allowed (credit must be given just as for other contributions), the re-use of notation for consistency is encouraged, including the re-use of variable definitions.

If plagiarism is found, the journal will contact the author. The paper containing the plagiarism will also be obviously marked on each page of the paper or eliminated completely from the journal on-line site.
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

In general, an author is not allowed to submit a previously published paper to another journal. Publication of some kinds of articles (e.g. clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided that certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.

Moreover, it is also not allowed to duplicate publication. If an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references, it is sometimes called self-plagiarism. This can range from getting an identical paper published in multiple journals to 'salami-slicing' where authors add small amounts of new data to a previous paper.

Paraphrasing is restatement of a text or passages, using your own words without changing its original meaning. It is very difficult to adjudicate because plagiarism involves not only the unacknowledged reuse of other researchers' words but also their ideas. Even so, changing only a few words or phrases or only rearranging the original sentence order of another author's work will be defined as plagiarism.