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ISSN : 1598-7248 (Print)
ISSN : 2234-6473 (Online)
Industrial Engineering & Management Systems Vol.17 No.3 pp.407-416

Collaborative Inter-Terminal Transportation of Containers

Xuefeng Jin, Kap Hwan Kim*
Department of Industrial Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
* Corresponding Author, E-mail:


In a port consisting of multiple container terminals, numerous containers are transshipped among the terminals. All the transshipment containers bound for a vessel are generally shifted from one terminal to another within a short time period. However, as each shipping liner issues delivery orders exclusively to a trucking company, it is highly probable that a truck that transports a container from one terminal to another returns back empty, thus resulting in excessive empty travels by trucks among terminals. A scheduling problem for transshipment container deliveries, called Inter- Terminal Transportation Problem (ITTP), is defined, and a mathematical formulation is provided. This study assumes that trucking companies collaborate with each other for minimizing empty travels by sharing delivery orders. A numerical experiment is conducted to investigate the variation in the total cost and profit of each trucking company as a result of the collaboration.





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